This page gives general information, facts and figures about the country, including some unique world records. For more information about the beautiful nature, impressive architecture and the interesting cultural heritage of the country please refer to the menu.
Facts and figures
The United Arab Emirates originally consists of 7 Sheikhdoms, that formed a constitutional federation in 1971 under the patronage of H.H. Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan of Abu Dhabi. Sheikh Zayed is therefore often referred to as ‘Father of the Nation’.
After his death in 2004 his son H.H. Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, ruler of the Abu Dhabi emirate became President. H.H. Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, ruler of Dubai, is Vice-President and prime Minister.
Next to that, the separate emirates each have their own Sheikh.
The United Arab Emirates is enclosed between two seas, the Arabic Gulf (Persian Gulf) and the Gulf of Oman. It shares borders with Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Qatar.
The climate of the United Arab Emirates is hot and humid. During winter temperatures can drop between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius, while in summer temperatures can reach over 50 degrees Celsius. Rainfall happens only a few times per year (around 200mm). Strong winds can cause sandstorms.
The first barrel of oil leaves the country in 1962, after the discovery of oil in 1958 in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. It took the country only a few more years to develop from one of the poorest countries in the world to one of the richest.
Impressive world records
From the highest architectonic buildings as Burj Khalifa and the world’s most leaning tower in Abu Dhabi to the most expensive Christmas tree filled with shining jewellery and the biggest collection of clothes for the less fortunate. In the United Arab Emirates, things are bigger, higher, taller, longer and faster. A few impressive world records are put in the table below.